Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)
All women lose some blood as the placenta separates from the uterus. Typically, because the amount of blood in your body increases by almost 50 percent during your pregnancy, your body is well prepared to deal with this expected blood loss. Normal bleeding after childbirth is primarily from open blood vessels in the uterus, where the placenta was attached although additional bleed may occur if the patient had an episiotomy or tear during birth. When the placenta separates, the blood vessels bleed into the uterus until after delivery when the uterus typically continues contractions, closing off these blood vessels. In some cases a medical professional may prescribe oxytocin to help with contractions and closing the blood vessels.
In some cases the new mother will continue to bleed excessively after giving birth and require additional treatment. This is commonly referred to as postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and is what the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment was designed to help treat. The World Health Organization has recently recommended non-pneumatic anti-shock garment to assist with treatment in settings where a surgeon and/or oxytocin is not available as a temporary measure until additional further treatment can be made.
Other causes of PPH can include blood clotting disorders, genetic conditions and complications such as preeclampsia. While most often caused from the lack of blood vessels closing off, tears to the perineum or vagina, and an episiotomy may result in excessive bleeding.
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